Aristotle ethics of happiness philosophy essay

Aristotle tells us that the most important factor in the effort to achieve happiness is to have a good moral character — what he calls "complete virtue. Aristotle indicates several times in VII.

Aristotle Ethics Of Happiness Philosophy Essay

One could say that he deliberates, if deliberation were something that post-dated rather than preceded action; but the thought process he goes through after he acts comes too late to save him from error.

Milo the wrestler, as Aristotle puts it, needs more gruel than a normal person, and his mean diet will vary accordingly. Why such a restricted audience? Rather, when he says that unequal relationships based on character are imperfect, his point is that people are friends in the fullest sense when they gladly spend their days together in shared activities, and this close and constant interaction is less available to those who are not equal in their moral development.

We should take note of a further difference between these two discussions: Therefore, reason is not only best for us but had a need to reach an absolute existence.

Aristotle's Ethics

Also We Can Offer! I personally believe that there are actions that in most cases are wrong. Furthermore, when he has decided what to do, he does not have to contend with internal pressures to act otherwise. The imperfect friendships that Aristotle focuses on, however, are not unequal relationships based on good character.

Surely someone who never felt this emotion to any degree could still live a perfectly happy life. It is odd that pleasure receives two lengthy treatments; no other topic in the Ethics is revisited in this way.

Aristotle's Ethics

Aristotle makes it clear that the number of people with whom one can sustain the kind of relationship he calls a perfect friendship is quite small IX. He briefly mentions the point that pleasures compete with each other, so that the enjoyment of one kind of activity impedes other activities that cannot be carried out at the same time a20— Animals can be happy, even if indeed they lack reasoning.

Plato holds that either the spirited part which houses anger, as well as other emotions or the appetitive part which houses the desire for physical pleasures can disrupt the dictates of reason and result in action contrary to reason. For as we have seen, he gives a reasoned defense of his conception of happiness as virtuous activity.

Aristotle’s Happiness

Aristotle would be strongly critical of the culture of "instant gratification" which seems to predominate in our society today. Aristotle observes in Book X that what all things aim at is good b35—a1 ; significantly, he falls short of endorsing the argument that since all aim at pleasure, it must be the good.

He defends the family as a social institution against the criticisms of Plato Politics II. In the translation of W. To say that there is something better even than ethical activity, and that ethical activity promotes this higher goal, is entirely compatible with everything else that we find in the Ethics.

He is careful to add, however, that the mean is to be determined in a way that takes into account the particular circumstances of the individual a36—b7.Aristotle is one of the greatest thinkers in the history of western science and philosophy, making contributions to logic, metaphysics, mathematics, physics, biology, botany, ethics, politics, agriculture, medicine, dance and theatre.

Aristotle's Theory of Ehtical Virtue This essay was written by a student in Theodore Gracyk's Philosophy course during fall semesterand it is posted here with her permission. Click here to read Aristotle's analysis of virtue.

Aristotle is one of the greatest thinkers in the history of western science and philosophy, making contributions to logic, metaphysics, mathematics, physics, biology, botany, ethics, politics, agriculture, medicine, dance and theatre.

Aristotle and Happiness of the Soul Essay Words 3 Pages One of Aristotle’s conclusions in the first book of Nicomachean Ethics is that “human good turns out to be the soul’s activity that expresses virtue”(EN a17).

Essay on Virtue and Happiness in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics - In consideration to Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle’s view of the great-souled man is that of an individual that represents happiness and obtains the five virtues: wisdom, justice, bravery, self-control, and the overall goodness within an individual (happiness).

Happiness is an essential aspect of Aristotle’s philosophy because for him it was an activity of the soul which attained at a high level of excellence refined over the span of .

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Aristotle ethics of happiness philosophy essay
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